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what is mineral sunscreen

Mineral vs. Chemical Sunscreen: How They Differ

Choosing the Right Sunscreen: Mineral vs Chemical Options for Your Skin

You know you need sunscreen, whether it’s SPF spray or lip sunscreen—and you're about to choose one—when you realize you have a few decisions to make first. Along with selecting the right moisturizing SPF level for your skin and understanding how often you should apply sunscreen, you also need to figure out whether a mineral or chemical formula is best for your skin type and needs. But the choice may not be clear, so we're here to break down the difference and help you make an informed decision that suits your skin.

What is mineral sunscreen?

Mineral sunscreen, often called physical sunscreen, offers broad-spectrum SPF protection. It contains active mineral ingredients like Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide, which create a physical barrier on your skin's surface, shielding it from harmful UV rays. Mineral sunscreen is an excellent choice for all skin types—including sensitive and acne-prone skin—since it minimizes the risk of irritation.

What is chemical sunscreen?

Chemical sunscreen, which also provides broad-spectrum SPF protection, works differently. It contains active chemical ingredients like Octocrylene and Avobenzone, which are absorbed into your skin and transform UV radiation into heat. Chemical sunscreen is known for its ease of application and 100% transparent finish on skin, making it a suitable option for darker skin tones. It can also be an excellent option for oily skin types.

Is one better than the other?

The short answer is no. Both mineral and chemical sunscreens effectively shield your skin from harmful UV rays reducing the risk of skin damage, skin cancer and premature aging. However, some individuals may find one type of sunscreen better suited to their skin.

Mineral sunscreens, with Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide as their active ingredients, are best for those concerned about sensitive or acne-prone skin. They offer instant sun protection without waiting for absorption, but they may leave a white cast on your skin, especially fordarker skin tones.

Chemical sunscreens, on the other hand, are user-friendly and often have an extra lightweight, transparent, non-greasy texture, making them a great choice. However, some may find the chemical ingredients less suitable for their skin type. 

Ultimately choosing mineral or chemical sunscreen depends on your skin type and preferences. The most important thing is consistent sun protection to shield your skin from harmful effects of sun exposure, including UV rays, and reduce the risk of skin damage, and skin cancer. 

Regardless of your choice, always opt for a broad-spectrum SPF sunscreen that offers protection against UVA and UVB rays. Wondering what’s the difference between UVA and UVB? As always, the best sunscreen is the one you'll use regularly to keep your skin safe from the sun's harmful UV light.